Out of the 41 textile components of the state bed, the first to be conserved were the finials. Rosie Chamberlin and Charlotte Gamper, two of our textile conservation team, worked together to conserve the four urn-shaped ornamental features that sit at the corners of the bed tester.
This was a unique opportunity to get up close to parts of the bed that are impossible to access without a scaffold. Being the first element of the bed to receive conservation meant that this privilege also came with the responsibility of informing the conservation treatment of the rest of the bed.
De-installation and discovery
After removal from the bed, they were taken to our conservation studio for an initial examination, to gain a deeper understanding of their construction and history and to inform their conservation treatment.
The finials are composite objects, made of carved wood covered in crimson silk damask with silk braid edging.
On inspection, the top of one of the finials was detached and, when removed, revealed a small cavity. Tucked into the space, a small piece of rolled up newspaper had been stowed.
The rolled paper was documented and returned to the object as, although it didn’t appear to serve a function, it forms an interesting part of the objects history and was not seen to be causing any harm.
Conservation and cleaning
The finials were very dusty; some fibres were lifting and areas of silk and braid were becoming detached. Conservation treatments such as cleaning, consolidation and adhesive support were therefore carried out to increase their longevity.
Dust often contains acidic components that contribute towards the chemical degradation of historic textiles, therefore it was necessary to remove any dust. This was done by using a low powered specialist museum vacuum cleaner and a soft brush. Small synthetic sponges were then used to remove the more ingrained and harder-to-access dust.
Analysis after treatment showed the cleaning to have been successful. A scientific device called a colorimeter, that measures colour, showed redder and darker readings than before, suggesting the removal of light grey dust. With the dust removed the object can be viewed as intended in bright crimson damask.
Consolidation & adhesive support
The loose and fraying damask fibres and braid were secured using a conservation grade adhesive that would not alter their appearance. A thin layer of the chosen adhesive was applied to small areas using a fine brush.
Areas of braid and textile, which were detaching from the finials, were re-secured by inserting adhesive support patches.
Silk crepeline, a fine and transparent fabric, was coated in the conservation grade adhesive, which was left to dry before being cut to shape and inserted under small areas of lifting textile and braid. The adhesive was then reactivated using a heated spatula; adhering the lifting sections of textile back in place. The treatment successfully stabilised the weak areas preventing future loss, thereby increasing the longevity of the textile elements of the finials.
Both the discovery of the newspaper and the conservation treatments carried out were thoroughly documented through both written and photographic records and diagrams.
This body of knowledge will be preserved and used in the future to assess how our conservation treatments are holding up against agents of such as dust and light and inform the future treatment of these significant artefacts.